Dr Michel Odent has collected thousands of scientific researches in prenatal life, birth, post partum and family matter in a huge Primal Health Research Databank.Paragraph.
“Children of women who experienced six or more self-reported stressful life events during pregnancy, regardless of the timing, were at about four times greater risk of developing mental health problems later in life.
In another study, high Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) levels during gestation were correlated with decreased physical and neuromuscular maturity, which has been associated with impaired brain development and motor development abnormalities.
Longitudinally, evidence points to an association between high levels of prenatal maternal cortisol and fearful and reactive behaviors of offspring (Davis et al., 2011). Babies who were exposed to high levels of stress in utero tend to be more reactive after birth, show more behavioral inhibition and anxiety during infancy, toddlerhood, and childhood, and display a slower rate of recovery from stress responses.
They are also more likely as toddlers and children to have greater physiological arousal to challenges, to display anxiety or fear in new situations, to have higher stress reactivity and poorer emotional and attentional regulation (Davis, 2011).
But an infant’s brain is still very malleable after birth. Positive patterns in early life, especially in the first year, can heal trauma and enable a baby to develop the cortisol receptors and relax into a less-stressed state, from which it will develop accordingly. Social supports, a nurturing home environment, and bonding techniques such as parent-infant massage can help mothers and their partners adjust to parenthood with less stress. This will have a direct and positive impact on babies exposed to high prenatal levels of stress hormones (McClure, 2000).”
Extract from Prenatal Maternal Stress: Neurological and Physiological Impacts on Offspring
This study is stunning to understand the importance of tenderness in the early childhood.
As Dr. Peter Denov said: "the love of the mother build the intelligence of the child".
Bethany Saltman "The most important parenting you’ll ever do happens before your child turns one — and may affect her for the rest of her life. One mother’s journey through the science of attachment."Paragraph. Cliquer ici pour modifier.
According to a large body of research, the early risk factors that may predispose a child to violence include teen pregnancy, birth complications, lead exposure, head injury, child abuse, and maternal stress and depression. Jianghong Liu, an assistant professor at Penn’s School of Nursing and School of Medicine, argues that these factors, whether biological, psychological or environmental, can interact with each other early on, increasing the odds of a lifetime of violent behavior.
“We can do something about it,” Liu said. “It’s not that expensive, compared to the money government puts into prisons. Why not spend the money on prenatal care or on developing a parenting skill? I’m confident parents would like it.”
Current theories on violence and aggression focus on the risks for adolescents. Liu makes the case for implementing prevention programs during the prenatal period and first three years of a child’s life — and even before conception — to head off the possibility of early brain dysfunction and later aggression.Paragraph. Cliquer ici pour modifier.